The Town is responsible for providing most governmental services to its residents. Water service is provided by the Suffolk County Water Authority and sewerage is provided by the individual private property owner although the Town does accept sewage for processing at its own treatment facility.
Highway construction and maintenance is a Town function. In addition, recreation is provided via parks and beaches, which are maintained through Town government. Other services performed at the Town level include:
- Property assessment
- Building inspection
- Zoning administration
- Local justice court system
The Town furnishes police protection, while the state police provide intermittent patrols of highways and the County police supply special police services. Fire protection is contracted for through the Town's several fire protection districts. Education is the responsibility of the 6 independent school districts located in the Town. The County provides various social and health services. Certain services are provided through Town Operated Special Districts. Town Operated Special Districts are managed and operated by the Town Board.